This line of research centers on studying how hominins lived by means of the materials left in the archaeological record. Stone tools and the associated animal bones are the principal source of information for researching and understanding how human culture originated and evolved.
This line of research carries out classic morphometry studies, as well as 2D and 3D morphometric analyses using computerized axial microtomography (μCT scan), of the dentition of hominins of the Pliocene and Pleistocene, as well as modern humans.
This line of research is focused on Electronic Spin Resonance (ESR), a highly versatile dating method that can be applied to a wide range of materials, the most widely used being tooth enamel and the optically bleached quartz grains extracted from sediment.
This line of research is focused in actualistic studies that today are fundamental tools for understanding the processes that configured archaeological sites. At the CENIEH, this line of work is being tackled from two principal angles: Experimental Archaeology and Neotaphonomy.
This line of research deals with the study of landscape modeling to determine its dynamical evolution, reconstructing the morphogenetic processes and their relationship with climate change, and frame paleontological deposits in archaeological physical context.
This line of research deals with the identification of subterranean karstic galleries, their geometry, continuity, and possible fillings and gaps, can be carried out using indirect methods such as geophysical prospection based on electrical conductivity, georadar and magnetism.
This line of reserach is focused on Luminescence, a relatively young numerical dating method which main development occurred in 1985 with the discovery of Optical Luminescence (OSL), following its beginnings as Thermo-Luminescence (TL) when ceramic dating started in the 1960s
This line of research investigates fossil and modern populations by means of virtual reconstructions using Micro-Computed Tomography (micro-CT) radiography techniques and classic techniques of study.
This line of research studies the relations between the different species that coexisted in the past and their interactions with the environment in which they lived.
This line of research studies caves, great natural traps, accumulating detritus, rock chemicals and organic matter
This line of research studies periods key to understanding the evolution of the behavior of human groups in the Iberian Peninsula.
This line of research devotes substantial efforts to the magnetostratigraphy of sedimentary materials for chronological purposes.
This line of research on human paleoneurology studies brain evolution in fossil species, combining functional craniology and evolutionary neuroanatomy.
This line of research studies, from an evolutionary point of view, some of the most important physiological processes in the biological history of our species, such as reproduction (pregnancy and lactation), growth, development and metabolism in general.
This line of research centers on studying spatial aspects of the archaeological record as a consequence of the activities of hominins at sites and in the landscape to understand, prioritize and integrate archaeological units into social and paleoenvironmental contexts and try to establish predictive models of territorial occupation
This line of research conducts the analytical study of archaeological materials to determine their origin and dissemination. Textural, mineralogical and geochemical composition, and physical properties are studied as well as their influence on changeability and conservation features.
The Technology and Traceology of lithic industries are complementary lines of research. Lithic Technology studies lithic artifacts of the Paleolithic. Through analytical methodologies, lithic assemblages are characterized in terms of technological and typological patterns emphasizing their technological sophistication and implications for hominin technological behavior.
This line of research is focused on the dating method of Uranium Series. It is a technique of wide applicability for cave deposits, paleosoils and mollusc skeletons.
This line of research is in the Archaeological and Paleobiology programs. Zooarchaeology and Taphonomy are two disciplines with origins in very different fields of science. Nevertheless, their application to the world of the Quaternary has meant that they share many objectives, methods and techniques, which has often led to the two terms being used interchangeably, almost as synonyms.